A prediabetic person has a very high risk of developing type 2 diabetes and suffering cardiovascular complications. These can be myocardial infarction or cerebral stroke. Prediabetics can closely be related to insulin resistance.
If you do not do something about this condition, there is a very high chance you develop type 2 diabetes or Mellitus. Your body might develop insulin resistance, have obesity, or hypertension. People with a sedentary lifestyle and bad eating habits can cause them to suffer from these types of problems.
Fortunately, if you are a prediabetes person, you can do something about it to avoid developing type 2 diabetes. How? With lifestyle adjustments, especially by eating healthier and moving more.
Insulin resistance and prediabetes occur in a multifactorial manner. The most important causes that favor its appearance are:
Excess weight: obesity, especially if it is due to the accumulation of abdominal fat, is a primary cause of insulin resistance and prediabetes. Adipose tissue – fat – produces hormones and other substances that can cause insulin resistance, elevated blood pressure, changes in cholesterol and triglycerides, and cardiovascular disease. In addition, a chronic inflammatory state of the body occurs.
Prediabetes: Sedentary Lifestyle
Sedentary lifestyle: the absence of physical activity prevents the muscles from expending excess glucose and favors excess weight.
Prediabetes: Sleep Apnea
Other causes of prediabetes and insulin resistance are smoking, corticosteroid medications, aging, obstructive sleep apnea syndrome, family history, and polycystic ovary syndrome.
Prediabetes doesn’t cause symptoms. A person can have prediabetes for many years and not be aware of the problem. However, many conditions can alert you to the risk of suffering from prediabetes, making it advisable to carry out a simple analytical determination to rule it out.
The following population groups are at risk of having prediabetes: over 45 years of age, children or siblings of diabetics, in the case of women, the fact of having given birth to a baby of more than 4500 g or having suffered from gestational diabetes, also, in those who have polycystic ovary syndrome. People who are overweight, individuals with high blood pressure, increased cholesterol and triglycerides, or fatty liver.
Treatment and Prevention
The goal of treating prediabetes is to reverse it and prevent it from progressing to diabetes mellitus. For this, people with prediabetes or at risk of suffering from it must initially reduce their body weight by at least 5-10%. However, depending on the degree of obesity, it may be necessary to lose more kilos with diet and increased physical activity, which is beneficial even without significant weight loss. On the other hand, as an additional objective, giving up tobacco if you are a smoker would prioritize.
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