The acquisition of healthy hygiene habits is necessary for health, and we should transmit their importance to children both at home and school. Good hygiene prevents them from falling ill in many cases and promotes their well-being, as well as interpersonal relationships.
- Your child must have their hygiene supplies.
Children need to have their own toothbrush, toothpaste, comb, soap, or towels and feel responsible for them from a very young age. Besides those they already have at home, it is important to encourage your child to carry a small daily toiletry bag with disinfectant soap or gel, a brush, and toothpaste, especially if they eat at school.
- Hands and nails should be washed.
One of the most important ways for transmitting infections is the hands, so you must pay close attention and always keep them clean. They have to learn to wash their hands properly with soap and water, especially before handling food and eating, after handling animals, before and after using the bathroom, and, of course, whenever their hands are dirty. They can use a special brush with soft bristles for the nails. And finally, use a disinfectant gel, which they can make themselves with the help of an adult, and always carry it in their toiletry bag.
- Take a daily shower or bath.
If you can turn bath time into fun, it won’t be challenging to establish a routine. To acquire autonomy as they grow, they must be taught how to wash each part of their body well. The bath should be at night before dinner and at the same time to create a daily routine.
- Your children should clean their feet well.
Children spend a lot of time in summer barefoot. Unlike when the cold arrives, their feet are always ‘locked’ in shoes. This increases the risk of getting germs or fungal infections of the foot. This is an excellent way to explain to children why their feet smell a bit bad. And for that reason, it requires thorough hygiene every day.
After teaching them to wash well everywhere, the sole, the instep, and between the toes, it is essential that we convey to them the importance of drying them thoroughly. In humidity, microorganisms proliferate. Special care must be taken in summer in the pool to avoid the appearance of fungi.
- Caring for their hair.
Your children should wash their hair every day to keep it clean. They should be taught to brush their hair daily, and if your children have long hair, to comb it. When old enough to start washing it themselves, they have to learn to rinse it properly to have no soap residue left. You will have to supervise that they have washed their hair in a good way.
- The hygiene of the ears.
The best moment to keep the ears clean is to clean right after a bath that includes head washing. You have to teach your children to clean their ears well with a towel, behind and between the folds. They can carefully dry the ear but never insert a swab or any other object into the ear. Apart from running the risk of introducing earwax further to the bottom, they can cause damage.
- Blow their nose.
Colds, allergies, and colds produce mucus, and excess mucus can clog the nasal passages and make it difficult to breathe. To remove mucus, children must learn to blow their noses. It is necessary always to carry clean tissues and avoid touching your nose with dirty hands.
- Cut their nails.
Hands often go to the eyes and the mouth. The best advice is for children to keep their nails short because there is more room for bacteria to accumulate when they are long. With short nails, your child will avoid having the temptation to bite them, which would increase the risk of infections. It is ideal for cutting their nails right after a shower; this way, their nails will be softer.
The nails from the hand should be cut, making a slight curve. When it comes to the feet, the cut has to be straight to avoid the nail sticking to the sides when growing.
- Brush their teeth after every meal.
It is a fundamental habit to teach your children to brush their teeth after a meal. This can prevent cavities, bad breath, and possible diseases. You can start by teaching them with the brush to get in touch with the oral hygiene routine. From 3 years old they can use special toothpaste for children.
It is convenient to supervise they do not forget to brush their teeth and brush correctly. The most important is brushing before sleeping since it is at night when the proliferation of bacteria is most active. The process should last around 10 minutes.
- Maintain hygiene in the toilet.
When children begin to go to the bathroom alone, they must learn to clean themselves well since the genitals are a part of the body that requires special attention to avoid possible infections. After defecating, they must clean themselves thoroughly, using enough toilet paper so that no remains are left (the last piece of used paper should be clean).
Girls must be aware that they must clean from front to back; this will prevent them from dragging the remains of stool into the vagina. After using the toilet, they have to flush the toilet and check that it is clean. Finally, it must be emphasized that they should immediately wash their hands with soap and water.
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